Степени сравнения прилагательных в английском языке

Разобраться в том, как следует использовать прилагательные в сравнительной степени на английском, вам поможет удобная таблица с примерами:

Типы прилагательных Положительная степень Сравнительная степень Превосходная степень
Состоящие из одного слога или двух слогов с окончаниями -y, -er short
dirty
clever
shorter
dirtier
cleverer
(the) shortest
(the) dirtiest
(the) cleverest
Состоящие из трех и более слогов beautiful
interesting
more beautiful
more interesting
(the) most beautiful
(the) most interesting
Особые случаи (исключения) good
bad
little
better
worse
less
(the) best
(the) worst
(the) least

Обратите внимание на правописание окончаний простых форм степеней сравнения:

одна согласная после краткой гласной удваивается

big - bigger - the biggest
fat - fatter - the fattest

после согласной буква -y меняется на -i

happy - happier - the happiest

буква -e на конце выпадает

large - larger - the largest

Упражнения на употребление степеней сравнения прилагательных

Выберите в скобках и запишите нужную форму прилагательного.

1. June is usually a (hot / hottest) month.
2. July is (hotter / hottest) than May.
3. Summer is the (hotter / hottest) season.
4. Kittens are very (funny / funnier).
5. The white cat is (funny / funnier) than the grey cat.
6. Monkeys are the (funny / funniest) animals of all.
7. Tom is a very (good / better) dancer.
8. Who is the (good / best) runner in your whole class?
9. The car is (good / better) than the bike.
10. Don't eat this salad, it is really (worst / bad).
11. Jack is the (worse / worst) pupil in the class.
12. It is one of the (more interesting / most interesting) stories.
13. The weather is (cold / coldest) today.
14. This spring is (cold / colder) than last spring.

Ключ:

1. hot
2. hotter
3. hottest
4. funny
5. funnier
6. funniest
7. good
8. best
9. better
10. bad
11. worst
12. most interesting
13. cold
14. colder

Поставьте прилагательные в скобках в правильную степень.

1. Father's car is (old) than uncle's car.
2. What is the (long) river in Europe?
3. The red dress is (beautiful) than the blue dress.
4. The red dress is (beautiful) in this shop.
5. The cake is (tasty) than bread.
6. Your story is (good) than my story.
7. This shop is (bad) than that shop.
8. Who was the (bad) runner in this competition?
9. This is the (interesting) cartoon.
10. Brown dog is (fat) than the white dog.
11. Is Bob (lazy) than his brother?
12. This is the (good) stamp in my collection.
13. Who is the (accurate) pupil in your class?
14. What is the (big) house in Moscow?

Ключ:

1. older
2. longest
3. more beautiful
4. the most beautiful
5. tastier
6. better
7. worse
8. worst
9. most interesting
10. fatter
11. lazier
12. best
13. most accurate
14. biggest