ГДЗ для 11 класса, английский язык, Биболетова, Unit 1, Section 2

Упражнения для изучающих английский язык с ответами.

Enjoy English Workbook 1

Unit 1 What do young people face in society today?

Section 1 »
Section 2
Exercise 1. Listen to the text and complete the table.

[Нажмите, чтобы прослушать аудио ►]

Questions Your answers before listening Your answers after listening
1. How fast is the world's population growing?
2. What per cent of the world's population lives in cities?
3. How many people travel by aeroplane?
4. Is China's booming economy leading to new trends in global tourism?
5. Are some parts of the world cut off from the internet?
6. Which are the world's major religions?
7. Does Hollywood really win against Bollywood?
8. What has been the impact of the population boom in developing countries?
9. Which country leads the way in allowing young people to vote?
10. What is one of the most significant problems in education today?
11. And finally, who could be hit worst by one of the biggest problems of today's information society, that is, junk e-mail?

Ответы:
Упражнение 1. Прослушайте текст и заполните таблицу.

1. As of 2006, the world population stood at 6.5 billion people and will grow to seven billion in about six years. Ninety-nine per cent of this growth will be in developing countries. (Population Reference Bureau)
2. In 2007, the majority of the world's population were living in cities for the first time in human history. (United Nations Population Division)
3. The world's airlines carried a total of 1.7 billion passengers or the equivalent of 25% of the global population, as of 2003. Of this total, over 500 million people travelled on international flights and more than one billion on domestic flights. (International Civil Aviation Organization)
4. The number of Chinese tourists going abroad, at 16.6 million, outnumbered that of tourists from Japan for the first time in 2002. (World Tourism Organization)
5. Less than 2% of the population of the Middle East had access to the internet as of 2004. (The 9/11 Commission Report)
6. Of the world's major religions, Christianity has the most adherents, with two billion worldwide. Islam is second, with 1.2 billion followers around the world, Hinduism third (750 million) and Buddhism fourth (500 million). (BBC)
7. India was the top film-producing nation in the world, with 1,200 films - more than the next four countries combined. The United States ranked second, with 543 films, as of 2002. (New York Times Book Review)
8. The number of people younger than 24 years of age in developing countries today is larger than the entire world population was 50 years ago. (The Washington Post)
9. Iran's voting age is 15 - the youngest in the world. (Inter-Parliamentary Union)
10. As of 2004, the world average for adult illiteracy is 20.6%. (The Washington Post)
11. Bill Gates, the Chairman of Microsoft, receives four million pieces of e-mail a day - most of it junk mail. (USA Today)

 

Exercise 2. Fill in the table.
verb noun adjective
decrease
deteriorate
develop
fall
grow
improve
increase
lessen
rise
strengthen

Ответы:
Упражнение 2. Заполните таблицу.

verb noun adjective
decrease decrease decreased
deteriorate deterioration
deteriorating
deteriorative
deteriorated
develop development developed
fall falling fallen
grow growing grown
improve improvement improving
improved
increase increase increased
lessen lessening -
rise rising risen
strengthen strength
strengthening
strengthened

 

Exercise 3. Match the opposite words.
booming
supporter
significantly
national
improvement
increase
opponent
deterioration
slightly
decrease
global
falling

Ответы:
Упражнение 3. Соотнесите слова с противоположным значением.

booming - falling
supporter - opponent
significantly - slightly
national - global
improvement - deterioration
increase - decrease

 

Exercise 4. Match the words to make meaningful expressions. Each word can be used once only.
multinational
global
improved
controversial
increasing
trade
idea
technology
corporations
deals
village
concern

Ответы:
Упражнение 4. Соотнесите слова, чтобы создать осмысленные выражения. Каждое слово может быть использовано только один раз.

multinational corporations
global village
improved technology
controversial idea
increasing concern
trade deals

 

Exercise 5. Fill in the blanks with the words from the box.
crush inflation influence concern exploitation
non-accountable dependent diverse lessens observe

1. Anti-globalist leaders say that they want to raise people's ___ for the environment and their national economies.
2. According to the opponents of globalisation global companies ___ national companies and make the country's economy ___ on the world big businesses.
3. Supporters of globalisation insist that global companies help fight ___ and create new jobs, which ___ the unemployment rate.
4. Global companies' managers say that they ___ the human rights of their employees and offer them good compensation for their work.
5. Anti-globalists insist that when big money is involved, corporations become ___ and it's very difficult to fine them for the ___ of immigrants or for child labour.
6. Supporters of globalisation explain that nowadays, due to modern technologies and communications, no country can escape the ___ of other countries' economies.
7. Consumers are usually quite happy with the effect of globalisation as global trade creates ___ local markets.

Ответы:
Упражнение 5. Заполните пропуски словами из рамки.

1. concern
2. crush, dependent
3. inflation, lessens
4. observe
5. non-accountable, exploitation
6. influence
7. diverse

 

Exercise 6. Cross out one word which doesn't normally go with the word in bold.
a)
multinational group
corporation
technology
society
b)
non-accountable corporation
government
politician
culture

Ответы:
Упражнение 6. Вычеркните одно слово, которое обычно не используется со словом, выделенным жирным шрифтом.

a) technology; b) culture.
 

Exercise 7. Use the words from the box and write expressions with the following adjectives.
economy   development   tourism   country   market   argument   construction
proposal   business   idea   issue   policy   decision   investment   person   film
controversial booming
1
2...

Ответы:
Упражнение 7. Используя слова из рамки, запишите выражения со следующими прилагательными.

controversial idea, issue, policy, proposal, decision, film, argument, person
booming economy, development, tourism, market*, construction, business*, country*, investment

Note: the words marked with * can be used with both adjectives.
(Внимание: слова, помеченные значком *, могут использоваться с обоими прилагательными).

 

Exercise 8. Make up sentences from the words.

1. improve / New technologies / different countries / the standard of living / in
2. their qualifications / who want to upgrade / The number of people / or take retrain courses / is rising
3. Communication technologies / people / and the number of internet users / over very long distances / is growing constantly / connect
4. between companies / the market more diverse / Fair competition / improves / and makes / the quality of goods

Ответы:
Упражнение 8. Составьте предложения из приведенных слов.

1. New technologies improve the standard of living in different countries.
2. The number of people who want to upgrade their qualifications or take retrain courses is rising.
3. Communication technologies connect people over very long distances and the number of internet users is growing constantly.
4. Fair competition between companies improves the quality of goods and makes the market more diverse.

 

Exercise 9. Read the descriptions of negative changes and underline the change-verbs. Write about positive changes in the corresponding spheres.

1. The environment is deteriorating due to people's industrial activity and overconsumption.
2. Robot technologies decrease the number of unskilled workers, which can lead to an increase in the unemployment rate.
3. The internet technologies lessen the need for face-to-face communication and, as a result, people feel lonely.
4. According to the survey, lots of people think that educational standards in schools are falling and it can cause qualified labour shortage in the near future.

Ответы:
Упражнение 9. Прочитайте описания негативных изменений и подчеркните глаголы, обозначающие изменения. Напишите о положительных переменах в соответствующих сферах.

(possible answer)
1. Modern technologies can lessen the negative impact on the environment.
2. Robot technologies decrease the number of dangerous and hard jobs so that people could do more creative and safer jobs.
3. The number of people who use the internet to communicate with their far-away relatives and friends is increasing because it's cheap and fast.
4. The number of people who work and study at the same time is growing.

 

Exercise 10. Complete the table with the phrases below.

to be against something
to approve of something
to be in favour of something
to be negative towards something
to be positive towards something
to disapprove of something
to oppose something
to support something

Phrases to support and to oppose an idea
For: Against:
1
2...

Ответы:
Упражнение 10. Заполните таблицу нижеприведенными фразами.

Phrases to support and to oppose an idea
For: Against:
to approve of something to be against something
to be in favour of something to be negative towards something
to be positive towards something to disapprove of something
to support something to oppose something

 

Exercise 11. Listen to a radio programme and complete the following sentences.

[Нажмите, чтобы прослушать аудио ►]

1. The research wanted to find out what teenagers thought about globalisation because ___.
2. The research wanted to check two hypotheses:
a) Teenagers are ___.
They want to consume ___.
They want to learn more about ___.
b) Teenagers are ___.
They are not interested in ___.
3. The teenagers were from ___ to ___ years old.
4. They were from ___, ___, ___ and ___.
5. The results of the research suggest that ___.

Ответы:
Упражнение 11. Прослушайте радиопрограмму и дополните следующие предложения.

(possible answer)
1. ...they are the first people to live in the global world.
2. a) ...natural globalists.
...more goods and ideas.
...other cultures.
b) ...afraid of globalisation.
...immigration, trade and diplomatic relations.
3. 14 to 18.
4. ...New York, Lebanon, Azerbaijan and the Philippines.
5. ...teenagers are in favour of globalisation.

 

Exercise 12. Read the conversation and use the verbs in CAPITAL LETTERS in the appropriate forms.

A: I heard the information in the morning news about an anti-globalist demonstration in our town.
B: ___ (1) you? Really? I never though that anything of the kind could ever happen in out quiet place. And what do they want? (DO)
A: They protest against the construction of an international airport near our town. They say that intense air traffic ___ (2) the environment and can be dangerous to local people. (AFFECT)
B: ___ (3) air pollution? (THEY/MEAN)
A: Not only. They say that noise pollution is very bad for people too.
B: This argument is difficult to beat. And what does our Civic Council say?
A: They seem to be for that project. They say that it ___ (4) the economic and social situation in the town and in the whole region. (IMPROVE)
B: And it's probably true. I know that several businesses in the region ___ (5) bankrupt and lots of people ___ (6) their jobs recently. Constructing the airport and then running it ___ (7) plenty of new jobs and ___ (8) the unemployment. (GO, LOSE, CREATE, LESSEN)
A: I'm not sure it will. Only people with appropriate qualifications ___ (9) for those jobs. And people here don't meet the requirements, I'm afraid. (REQUIRE)
B: But they can obtain necessary qualifications. They can take a retraining course. I think people will agree to learn again if afterwards they ___ (10) well-paid jobs. (OFFER)
A: Right. And a good transportation centre ___ (11) the economy of the region in general. (REINFORCE)
B: But how about ecology and pollution?
A: I don't know, really... The airport is a very controversial issue...

Ответы:
Упражнение 12. Прочитайте диалог и поставьте глаголы, набранные ЗАГЛАВНЫМИ БУКВАМИ, в подходящую форму.

1. Did
2. will affect
3. Do they mean
4. will improve
5. have gone / went
6. have lost / lost
7. will create
8. will lessen / lessen
9. are required / will be required
10. are offered
11. will reinforce

 

Exercise 13. Listen to a radio programme and complete the following statements.

[Нажмите, чтобы прослушать аудио ►]

1. Sociologists designed ___ to analyse and describe migration.
2. In terms of migration, they divide countries into two groups: ___ and ___.
3. Leaving one country, migrants are looking for ___ in another.
4. The most serious push factors that make people emigrate are ___. These are ___ and ___.
5. Other push factors that should be taken into consideration are ___ and ___.
6. There are global factors that make people migrate, for example, ___ and ___.
7. The most important pull factors are ___.

Ответы:
Упражнение 13. Прослушайте радиопрограмму и дополните следующие утверждения.

(possible answer)
1. push-pull model
2. sending, receiving
3. benefits
4. economic, lack of jobs, poverty
5. political, religious (persecution)
6. environmental problems, natural disasters
7. higher standards of living / higher wages

 

Exercise 14. Complete an essay on how people feel about globalisation.

The globalization process is a very controversial and debatable issue. Does it do good or harm to ordinary people? There are different opinions about it.
Supporters of the global world believe that ___
Anti-globalists' arguments are convincing too. ___
The debates between globalists and anti-globalists are likely to continue in the near future. The issue is very controversial and there are lots of arguments for and against the process. Globalization, meanwhile, is progressing and seems to be turning into an irreversible process.

Ответы:
Упражнение 13. Дополните эссе на тему того, как люди относятся к глобализации.

(possible answer)
The globalization process is a very controversial and debatable issue. Does it do good or harm to ordinary people? There are different opinions about it.
Supporters of the global world believe that the process of globalization is a process that cannot be stopped. It is an obvious stage of the world's evolution. Besides they found a lot of other advantages of globalization. Among them are wide variety of goods on the markets, quick exchange of information and etc.
Anti-globalists' arguments are convincing too. First of all it is the threat for national economies. It is clear that industries of small countries may suffer from huge global corporation. The other point is that our world may become less diverse because of globalization. That means more boring.
The debates between globalists and anti-globalists are likely to continue in the near future. The issue is very controversial and there are lots of arguments for and against the process. Globalization, meanwhile, is progressing and seems to be turning into an irreversible process.